In particular, the philosopher Leibniz famously maintains that, since the world was created by God, and since the mind of God is the most benevolent and capable mind imaginable, the world must be the best world imaginable. Under such a system, humans perceive evil only because they do not understand the force governing the world and thus do not know that every ill exists only for a greater good.
In this quotation, Voltaire attacks not only philosophical optimism but also the foibles and errors of Enlightenment philosophy. Enlightenment philosophers such as Leibniz focused a great deal of attention on the interplay of cause and effect. Spectacles fit noses not because God created noses to fit spectacles, as Pangloss claims, but the other way around.
The obviousness of this point is meant to echo the obviousness of the flaws Voltaire observes in the Enlightenment philosophical process. Candide by: Voltaire.
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Themes Motifs Symbols Key Facts. He com He was asked which he would like the best, to be whipped six-and-thirty times through all the regiment, or to receive at once twelve balls of lead in his brain.
He vainly said that human will is fr Instantly they fettered him, and carried him away to the regiment. There he was made to wheel about to the right, and to the left, to draw his rammer, to return his rammer, to present, to fire, to Candide, yet more moved with compassion than with horror, gave to this shocking beggar the two florins which he had received from the honest Anabaptist James. The captain flew into a passion at the disrespectful behavior of the brute, and slew him on my body The Baron was one of the most powerful lords in Westphalia, for his castle had not only a gate, but also windows.
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His great hall, even, was hung with tapestry. All the dogs of his farmyards formed Cite This Page.